TANAKA LAB. Physics of Soft Condensed Matter The University of Tokyo Graduate School of Engineering Department of Applied Physics The University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Science Department of Fundamental Engineering
Entrance > Research > Liquid, Glass, Gel > Liquid-Liquid Transition > Liquid-Liquid Transition under Spatial Confinement
Polymer, Liquid Crystal, Colloid, Membrane, ProteinLiquid, Glass, GelLight and Soft Matter
Liquid-Liquid Transition in the Molecular LiquidCritical-Like Phenomena Associated with Liquid-Liquid TransitionLiquid-Liquid Transition under Spatial ConfinementSimple View of Waterlike AnomaliesTwo-Order-Parameter Description of Critical Phenomena and Phase Separation of Supercooled LiquidsTwo-Order-Parameter Description of Glass Transition Covering Its Strong to Fragile LimitFrustration on the Way to Crystallization in GlassGlass Transition in a Polydispersed Colloidal SystemGlass Transition and Jamming in a Driven Granular SystemAging and Shear Rejuvenation of a Colloidal GlassKinetics of Crystallization under a Glass Transition TemperatureViolation of the Incompressibility of Liquid by Simple Shear Flow

Liquid-Liquid Transition under Spatial Confinement

Liquid-Liquid Transition under Spatial Confinement Generally, phase transitions are seriously affected by spatial confinement. This effect is important for its own sake, but also for applications to nanotechnology. Here we report the first systematic experimental study on confinement effects on a liquid-liquid transition of a molecular liquid. We found that one liquid can be transformed into another purely by spatial confinement. This indicates that the liquid state cannot be specified by the temperature and pressure alone, but it is also affected by its size in a discontinuous manner: the phase of a liquid in a narrow space can, in principle, be different from that in the bulk. This finding would deepen our basic understanding of the liquid state.